TOP10

TOP10
YB7023-G12303

陌上·叶

[ TEAM: LAS ] 罗家涛, 王元珍

广州大学, 西南民族大学

遂昌公厕设计是关于一场共建共享的探索,一次乡土生命延续的乡村营造。
一个遗落在大山怀抱中的传统村落,曾经的桃花源。但随着城市化的进程,村落逐渐衰落进而呈现半空心化的现象。田园将芜,人归何处?
陌上叶灵感来源于茶园村出产的一片茶叶,结合当地传统的搭建手法设计出具有茶园村显著特征的乡土公共厕所。再者,以公厕设计为契机,将传统生态农业耕作模式通过线下实践或微信小程序达到可视化和宣传效果。设计试图将陌上叶打造为茶园村的标志性建筑与明信片。
陌上叶通过自下而上的思维与操作模式使这个日趋衰落的村落从空间与经济上得以新生。在设计手法上陌上叶保留乡土记忆同时又符合现代社会的发展需求。

TOP10
YB7023-G11628

TERRA COTTA HUT

[ TEAM: AwAwDe ] Fan Zhang

Master of Architecture

As far back as the Zhou dynasty, terra cotta has been used as roof materials. Because of its durability and versatility, terra cotta roof tiles carried through the establishment of Chinese traditional architecture and became a symbolic building material. Today, these earth colored tiles are still widely used in the construction of residential buildings in the rural areas of China. Other than roofing, stacks of terra cotta tiles have been used extensively in traditional garden architecture as privacy screens.

We propose to wrap the exterior facade by stacks of locally made terra cotta tiles, rendering a dynamic yet private screen. While allowing a constant airflow, this design achieves an intriguing architectural appeal, seeking its roots to the local culture. The villages are situated in mountain ranges and semi-rainforest climate zones with high humidity and medium level of sunlight. A screen wall perforates the traditional solid wall, and allows light to penetrate. During the day, natural sunlight lits the interior spaces and drastically reduces needs for artificial lighting. At night, light glows from the inside, making it a beacon on the paths to home.

To further enhance privacy, a brick wall separates the main entrance from the stalls. This double corridor creates an important sequential experience from entering, to washing, and toileting. This unique architectural experience is not only functional but also dignifies the wrongfully expected and often unpleasant experience of public toilets. We hope by creating this airy, hygienic, and light filled space, we are onto a revolutionary path to change the quality of Chinese public toilets.

TERRA COTTA HUT

YB7023-G11628

As far back as the Zhou dynasty, terra cotta has been used as roof materials. Because of its durability and versatility, terra cotta roof tiles carried through the establishment of Chinese traditional architecture and became a symbolic building material. Today, these earth colored tiles are still widely used in the construction of residential buildings in the rural areas of China. Other than roofing, stacks of terra cotta tiles have been used extensively in traditional garden architecture as privacy screens. We propose to wrap the exterior facade by stacks of locally made terra cotta tiles, rendering a dynamic yet private screen. While allowing a constant airflow, this design achieves an intriguing architectural appeal, seeking its roots to the local culture. The villages are situated in mountain ranges and semi-rainforest climate zones with high humidity and medium level of sunlight. A screen wall perforates the traditional solid wall, and allows light to penetrate. During the day, natural sunlight lits the interior spaces and drastically reduces needs for artificial lighting. At night, light glows from the inside, making it a beacon on the paths to home. To further enhance privacy, a brick wall separates the main entrance from the stalls. This double corridor creates an important sequential experience from entering, to washing, and toileting. This unique architectural experience is not only functional but also dignifies the wrongfully expected and often unpleasant experience of public toilets. We hope by creating this airy, hygienic, and light filled space, we are onto a revolutionary path to change the quality of Chinese public toilets.

TOP10
YB7023-G14561

悬亭

[ TEAM: 10 ] 李菲, 薛璇

香港, 香港大学

我们将乡村公厕理解为改善村民生活质量的私密空间,同时也是促进村民交往的公共场所。设计以茶园村传统的坡屋顶住房为原型,通过结构的介入构建一个当代的空间范式。

传统的坡屋顶房子,以向心排布的结构柱承托大屋顶,限定出檐下的建筑空间。设计通过偏转中心柱,以伞形木结构单侧悬挑,四向外伸,下挂的钢索将地面轻轻吊起。

结构参与的空间构成巧妙的定义了功能上的两组对立关系。作为私密部分的厕所成为偏心伞形结构柱的所在,而钢索吊起的飘板地面定义了公共的开放空间,人们可以随意的坐下交谈。

TOP10
YB7023-G16746

亭·下

[ TEAM: TEMP ] 杨剑飞, 汤璇

同济大学, 天津大学

场地—停下:选择位于村口停车场旁的场地。村口厕所不仅为人们提供方便之处,提供片刻停留的场所。
传承—亭与下:结合当地茶文化,戏曲历史,以及采茶观戏的传统习俗,追寻人们最初对土地的崇拜与依赖。因借场地所在路崖地形,将建筑嵌入土地,悬挂于路崖;形成地上为亭,地下为厕的二分意向。
策略—亭后下:地面的凉亭向自然开敞,平台与屋顶从路崖挑出,伸向自然,也为远远驱车而来的游客塑造了村口“悬亭”的第一印象。厕所嵌入地下,只有走入土地,才能在洗手台前感受到更加幽静私密的第二处自然。

SITE: The site is next to the village parking lot. It is not only a restroom for public, but also a place to stop for the nature.
CULTURE: Based on the local tea culture, opera history, and the traditional customs of tea house, we hope to represent the people's worship and dependence on the land. According to the cliff topography of the site, the building is embedded in the land and suspended on the cliff, forming a pavilion on the ground with a toilet underground.
STRATEGY: The pavilion opens to outside, and the platform and roof are objected from the cliff to reach the nature. It also creates the first impression of a "hanging pavilion" in the village for the tourists. The toilet is embedded underground and create a second impression of nature which is more private and peaceful.

亭·下

YB7023-G16746

场地—停下:选择位于村口停车场旁的场地。村口厕所不仅为人们提供方便之处,提供片刻停留的场所。 传承—亭与下:结合当地茶文化,戏曲历史,以及采茶观戏的传统习俗,追寻人们最初对土地的崇拜与依赖。因借场地所在路崖地形,将建筑嵌入土地,悬挂于路崖;形成地上为亭,地下为厕的二分意向。 策略—亭后下:地面的凉亭向自然开敞,平台与屋顶从路崖挑出,伸向自然,也为远远驱车而来的游客塑造了村口“悬亭”的第一印象。厕所嵌入地下,只有走入土地,才能在洗手台前感受到更加幽静私密的第二处自然。 SITE: The site is next to the village parking lot. It is not only a restroom for public, but also a place to stop for the nature. CULTURE: Based on the local tea culture, opera history, and the traditional customs of tea house, we hope to represent the people's worship and dependence on the land. According to the cliff topography of the site, the building is embedded in the land and suspended on the cliff, forming a pavilion on the ground with a toilet underground. STRATEGY: The pavilion opens to outside, and the platform and roof are objected from the cliff to reach the nature. It also creates the first impression of a "hanging pavilion" in the village for the tourists. The toilet is embedded underground and create a second impression of nature which is more private and peaceful.

TOP10
YB7023-S1951

REDEFINED LANDSCAPE(重新定义的山水)

张瀚天

西南交通大学

一方面,“重新定义的山水”是对美丽乡村这幅山水画的重新定义,把公厕作为画卷中的一部分,体现了对农村发展方向的再定义:文明,健康,美丽;另一方面,将中国式山水作为公厕建筑的灵感来源,用本土的竹材勾勒“山”的轮廓,用可视化的污水净化体系来重新定义“水”的可能性,让公厕建筑兼具实用、美观和科普意义。
On the one hand,REDEFINED LANDSCAPE means a redefinition of the beautiful country of China.As part of landscape,public toilet reflects the redefinition of the developing direction of country:civilized,healthy and beautiful.
On the other hand,use Chinese landscape as inspiration for village public toilet,delineate the contour of mountains with local bamboo,use visible water purification system to redefine the possibility of water,and let public toilet have special meanings:function,beauty and popularization of science.

TOP10
YB7023-G11606

林影轩

[ TEAM: XYYH ] 游航, 孙心莹

同济大学, 东南大学

茶园村得天独厚的自然环境让人印象深刻,如何通过建筑的介入,引导人们感受自然,并形成粗朴而原始的空间氛围成为了设计的出发点。
用地位于一片树林和田野的交界处, 葱郁的树林是环境最为突出的特征。与一般为了结合自然而尽量将建筑开敞的做法不同,我们首先用墙体围合出一个私密而稳定的内向空间。然后利用倾斜的屋顶朝着树林打开一个反日常的开口,将外部树林景观引入室内。水平空间的封闭性与头顶空间的开放性形成强烈的对比,随处可见的自然在室内变得突出而珍贵,因而得以强化人们对外部自然的感知。与此同时,木质结构与屋顶亮瓦的组合,在建筑内部形成了光影斑驳的抽象的“树影”体验。穿过屋顶开口所见的“真实自然”,与身体所在的“抽象自然”在感知上被叠合,进一步促成了内外空间的交融。建筑由此成为了联系人与自然的纽带。

TOP10
YB7023-G14549

YB7023-G14549 零碳公厕

[ TEAM: 🍃🍃🍃 ] 张月明, 罗俊杰

天津大学, 天津大学

本设计的主题是“汝弃之物,彼器之物”。弃物非弃物,弃物转器物,器物自弃物,弃物乃器物。设计理念来源于道家太极图,以遂昌在地文化、茶园村自然地景、景区废弃物再生等三方面展现为主,将当地手工艺技艺与零碳建筑技术相结合,把公厕作为自然与人类的连接体,实现天人合一。

TOP10
YB7023-G14665

乡舍

[ TEAM: 乡舍 ] 奚涵宇, 张立

东南大学, 东南大学

村口节点。作为进入村庄的标志物,建筑位于车行人行的进入村子的空间节点,成为入口的标志和休憩节点。
Village space joint. As a sign to enter the village, the architecture is located at the spatial node of the village and becomes the sign and rest node of the entrance.
在地营造。基座为山中石材,以当地民居大多使用的砖墙作为围护结构。屋顶梁柱及井干结构选用木材。
Local material use. The pedestal is a stone in the mountain, and the brick walls of the local houses are used as enclosure structures. Wood is chosen for the roof beam column and the well dry structure.
地形叙事。建筑本身成为山中的景观。主体部分与屋顶脱开,屋顶似脱离地面顺应山势向下如同鸟翼。而当身处其中,亦可于大屋檐下下远眺山下整片景观,气势磅礴。
Topography stories. The architecture itself becomes a landscape in the mountains. The main part is detached from the roof, and the roof seems to be off the ground. And when you are in it, you can overlook the whole landscape under the eaves.
生态策略。屋顶倾斜方向使得雨水可被储存在隐于陡坎下,收集的雨水可用于厕所冲刷。屋顶与基座的空迎合主要风向,加强对流以吹散气味。
Ecology strategy. The sloping direction of the roof allows rainwater to be stored under the scarp. Rainwater collected can be used for toilet washing. The roof and the base of the air cater to the main wind direction and strengthen convection to disperse the odor.

乡舍

YB7023-G14665

村口节点。作为进入村庄的标志物,建筑位于车行人行的进入村子的空间节点,成为入口的标志和休憩节点。 Village space joint. As a sign to enter the village, the architecture is located at the spatial node of the village and becomes the sign and rest node of the entrance. 在地营造。基座为山中石材,以当地民居大多使用的砖墙作为围护结构。屋顶梁柱及井干结构选用木材。 Local material use. The pedestal is a stone in the mountain, and the brick walls of the local houses are used as enclosure structures. Wood is chosen for the roof beam column and the well dry structure. 地形叙事。建筑本身成为山中的景观。主体部分与屋顶脱开,屋顶似脱离地面顺应山势向下如同鸟翼。而当身处其中,亦可于大屋檐下下远眺山下整片景观,气势磅礴。 Topography stories. The architecture itself becomes a landscape in the mountains. The main part is detached from the roof, and the roof seems to be off the ground. And when you are in it, you can overlook the whole landscape under the eaves. 生态策略。屋顶倾斜方向使得雨水可被储存在隐于陡坎下,收集的雨水可用于厕所冲刷。屋顶与基座的空迎合主要风向,加强对流以吹散气味。 Ecology strategy. The sloping direction of the roof allows rainwater to be stored under the scarp. Rainwater collected can be used for toilet washing. The roof and the base of the air cater to the main wind direction and strengthen convection to disperse the odor.

TOP10
YB7023-G13675

留云·听泉

[ TEAM: 叁.牌楼 ] 邹鸣鸣, 李俊杰

东南大学, 东南大学

基地位于浙江省遂昌县,遂昌是一个具有1800年建县历史的美丽山城。村中的坡屋顶建筑顺应地形,层层退叠。厕所的设计必须遵循融入环境,传承文化的原则。
留云轩通过一个个单体模块的组合获得与当地建筑和远山相契合的意象。单元的组合方式为建筑迎来了新生,功能空间围合在单元之中,走道和休息空间获得释放,向着大自然和天空敞开。
听泉轩通过折叠的木板与石块的穿插获得面向小溪的休憩空间,建筑背山面水,厚重的石块加上轻巧的木板与山峦流水相映成趣,观远山,听泉水,怡然自得。

TOP10
YB7023-S2251

凹凸厕所

陈展辉

深圳大学

“凹凸”是中国文字里极少数形意合的,也是全世界都能看懂的一对汉字。“凹凸”是站立的文字,是立体的阴阳,也是男女的象征,是共享共生的图腾。凹凸跨越传统和当代、城市和乡村,从文字到空间,可以表达一个纯粹的概念和逻辑。凹凸也寓意天地,新旧的循环,吸收和排放,生生不息。独特的造型,配以鲜明的对比颜色,会在大自然当中创造一组超现实的视觉体验,而不同的组合可以适应不同的场地状态,它们就像一组来自城市的现代化的插件,参与到乡村系统的重构中来。凹凸超越了建筑物的概念,它是一个指向性很强的空间符号,可以用不同的材料,不同的纹理,甚至不同的结构和细节,都同样达到与人发生共鸣的效果。这也是探索地域建筑的另一条道路。
“凹凸”(concave-convex") are rare Chinese characters whose forms and meanings echo, therefore people from anywhere in the world can understand“凹凸” are standing characters, representing three-dimensional yin and yang. They are metaphors of male and female, the totem illustrating the two living, sharing, and growing together. "凹凸”, the two characters winding through old-time traditions traditions to modern minds, characters to space, expressing a pure concept and logic.“凹凸” also imply meanings of sky and ground the circulation through the old and new, the taken-in and given-out and the circle of lifeUnique form with strong contrasting colors can create a, surrealistic visual experience. Different combinations adapt to different locational conditions. They are like a group of mode modernized plug-ins from cities joining in the reconstruction of rural system. Concave convex exceeds the concept of a building. It is a strongly directional spatial symbol, which would resonate with people when combining with different materials, textures. and even structures and details. This is also another path of exploring regional architecture.

凹凸厕所

YB7023-S2251

“凹凸”是中国文字里极少数形意合的,也是全世界都能看懂的一对汉字。“凹凸”是站立的文字,是立体的阴阳,也是男女的象征,是共享共生的图腾。凹凸跨越传统和当代、城市和乡村,从文字到空间,可以表达一个纯粹的概念和逻辑。凹凸也寓意天地,新旧的循环,吸收和排放,生生不息。独特的造型,配以鲜明的对比颜色,会在大自然当中创造一组超现实的视觉体验,而不同的组合可以适应不同的场地状态,它们就像一组来自城市的现代化的插件,参与到乡村系统的重构中来。凹凸超越了建筑物的概念,它是一个指向性很强的空间符号,可以用不同的材料,不同的纹理,甚至不同的结构和细节,都同样达到与人发生共鸣的效果。这也是探索地域建筑的另一条道路。 “凹凸”(concave-convex") are rare Chinese characters whose forms and meanings echo, therefore people from anywhere in the world can understand“凹凸” are standing characters, representing three-dimensional yin and yang. They are metaphors of male and female, the totem illustrating the two living, sharing, and growing together. "凹凸”, the two characters winding through old-time traditions traditions to modern minds, characters to space, expressing a pure concept and logic.“凹凸” also imply meanings of sky and ground the circulation through the old and new, the taken-in and given-out and the circle of lifeUnique form with strong contrasting colors can create a, surrealistic visual experience. Different combinations adapt to different locational conditions. They are like a group of mode modernized plug-ins from cities joining in the reconstruction of rural system. Concave convex exceeds the concept of a building. It is a strongly directional spatial symbol, which would resonate with people when combining with different materials, textures. and even structures and details. This is also another path of exploring regional architecture.